promise–手写一个试试?

  • 2019-05-14
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相信promise大家都很熟悉,他的出现解决js的异步回调噩梦,那么它是如何实现的还是有点好奇的,所以去探索了一番,下面说个人看法

使用

// example
function getUserId() {
    return new Promise(function(resolve) {
        //异步请求
        http.get(url, function(results) {
            resolve(results.id)
        })
    })
}
getUserId().then(function(id) {
    //一些处理
})

极简demo

1.第一部分
简单构造MyPromise构造函数

// 三种状态
const PENDING = "pending";
const RESOLVED = "resolved";
const REJECTED = "rejected";
// promise 接收一个函数参数,该函数会立即执行
function MyPromise(fn) {
  let _this = this;
  _this.currentState = PENDING;
  _this.value = undefined;
  // 用于保存 then 中的回调,只有当 promise
  // 状态为 pending 时才会缓存,并且每个实例至多缓存一个
  _this.resolvedCallbacks = [];
  _this.rejectedCallbacks = [];

  _this.resolve = function (value) {
    if (value instanceof MyPromise) {
      // 如果 value 是个 Promise,递归执行
      return value.then(_this.resolve, _this.reject)
    }
    setTimeout(() => { // 异步执行,保证执行顺序
      if (_this.currentState === PENDING) {
        _this.currentState = RESOLVED;
        _this.value = value;
        _this.resolvedCallbacks.forEach(cb => cb());
      }
    })
  };

  _this.reject = function (reason) {
    setTimeout(() => { // 异步执行,保证执行顺序
      if (_this.currentState === PENDING) {
        _this.currentState = REJECTED;
        _this.value = reason;
        _this.rejectedCallbacks.forEach(cb => cb());
      }
    })
  }
  // 用于解决以下问题
  // new Promise(() => throw Error('error))
  try {
    fn(_this.resolve, _this.reject);
  } catch (e) {
    _this.reject(e);
  }
}

2.then函数

MyPromise.prototype.then = function (onResolved, onRejected) {
  var self = this;
  // 规范 2.2.7,then 必须返回一个新的 promise
  var promise2;
  // 规范 2.2.onResolved 和 onRejected 都为可选参数
  // 如果类型不是函数需要忽略,同时也实现了透传
  // Promise.resolve(4).then().then((value) => console.log(value))
  onResolved = typeof onResolved === 'function' ? onResolved : v => v;
  onRejected = typeof onRejected === 'function' ? onRejected : r => throw r;

  if (self.currentState === RESOLVED) {
    return (promise2 = new MyPromise(function (resolve, reject) {
      // 规范 2.2.4,保证 onFulfilled,onRjected 异步执行
      // 所以用了 setTimeout 包裹下
      setTimeout(function () {
        try {
          var x = onResolved(self.value);
          resolutionProcedure(promise2, x, resolve, reject);
        } catch (reason) {
          reject(reason);
        }
      });
    }));
  }

  if (self.currentState === REJECTED) {
    return (promise2 = new MyPromise(function (resolve, reject) {
      setTimeout(function () {
        // 异步执行onRejected
        try {
          var x = onRejected(self.value);
          resolutionProcedure(promise2, x, resolve, reject);
        } catch (reason) {
          reject(reason);
        }
      });
    }));
  }

  if (self.currentState === PENDING) {
    return (promise2 = new MyPromise(function (resolve, reject) {
      self.resolvedCallbacks.push(function () {
        // 考虑到可能会有报错,所以使用 try/catch 包裹
        try {
          var x = onResolved(self.value);
          resolutionProcedure(promise2, x, resolve, reject);
        } catch (r) {
          reject(r);
        }
      });

      self.rejectedCallbacks.push(function () {
        try {
          var x = onRejected(self.value);
          resolutionProcedure(promise2, x, resolve, reject);
        } catch (r) {
          reject(r);
        }
      });
    }));
  }
};

3.第三部分

// 规范 2.3
function resolutionProcedure(promise2, x, resolve, reject) {
  // 规范 2.3.1,x 不能和 promise2 相同,避免循环引用
  if (promise2 === x) {
    return reject(new TypeError("Error"));
  }
  // 规范 2.3.2
  // 如果 x 为 Promise,状态为 pending 需要继续等待否则执行
  if (x instanceof MyPromise) {
    if (x.currentState === PENDING) {
      x.then(function (value) {
        // 再次调用该函数是为了确认 x resolve 的
        // 参数是什么类型,如果是基本类型就再次 resolve
        // 把值传给下个 then
        resolutionProcedure(promise2, value, resolve, reject);
      }, reject);
    } else {
      x.then(resolve, reject);
    }
    return;
  }
  // 规范 2.3.3.3.3
  // reject 或者 resolve 其中一个执行过得话,忽略其他的
  let called = false;
  // 规范 2.3.3,判断 x 是否为对象或者函数
  if (x !== null && (typeof x === "object" || typeof x === "function")) {
    // 规范 2.3.3.2,如果不能取出 then,就 reject
    try {
      // 规范 2.3.3.1
      let then = x.then;
      // 如果 then 是函数,调用 x.then
      if (typeof then === "function") {
        // 规范 2.3.3.3
        then.call(
          x,
          y => {
            if (called) return;
            called = true;
            // 规范 2.3.3.3.1
            resolutionProcedure(promise2, y, resolve, reject);
          },
          e => {
            if (called) return;
            called = true;
            reject(e);
          }
        );
      } else {
        // 规范 2.3.3.4
        resolve(x);
      }
    } catch (e) {
      if (called) return;
      called = true;
      reject(e);
    }
  } else {
    // 规范 2.3.4,x 为基本类型
    resolve(x);
  }
}

未完结

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